To me, the significance of the book is not so much what it says, but that it says it in Hebrew. There is, therefore, a reasonably chance that it will have an influence on Israeli policy makers. Briefly, the book explains the differences between academia and industry, and why academics should have State support whilst doing basic research, yet should be able to benefit from their inventions.
The book argues its points well. This is not surprising.The author, Professor Messer-Yaron is the Dean of the Open University and a former Director of Ramot, the Technology Transfer Company of Tel Aviv University. Nevertheless, the book is more of a polemic than a balanced analysis. Although isolated examples are given to support arguments raised there is little supporting statistical evidence included.
It is significant that the Israeli model of rewards to academic inventors has been adopted elsewhere. The Baye Dohl Act and subsequent experience in the US does show that providing incentives to academics to patent their research does oil the wheels of progress.
From time to time, Israeli politicians and liberal arts professors do try to suggest more equitable solutions,than providing academic inventors with a share of the royalties generated by their inventions. Whether motivated by genuine Marxist convictions or, as we suspect, by envy, Whilst this is the situation, an easy accessible, short and authoritative argument showing the benefits of the system is required and this book provides it.
The Capitalism of Knowledge, by Chaggit Messer-Yaron The Broadcasted University (Galei Zahal, 2008)